Are beehive like stone dwellings from the bronze age, & can be found on Sardinia. The exact use of these structures is unknown, but many believe that they were either used as religious temples or military strongholds.
2: Museum of Sardinian Life and Tradition
Visit the Museum of Sardinian Life and Tradition at Nuoro. Here you can see traditional costumes, musical instruments and photographs of life on the island in days gone by.
3: Visit Sassari
Sassari is Sardinia's second largest city and it is situated on a beautiful stretch of coastline. The main sights are St. Nicholas Church, Palazzo Ducale, Palazzo Giordano, Piazza Italia & the Rossello Fountain.
4: Taste the local food and drinks
Visiting Sardinia is to enjoy the local food and taste. Sardinian food is characterized by very strong flavours, of which Cannonau, the local wine, is the perfect example.
5: Horseback Riding
Sardinia has a long tradition of horse riding until the present day. Riding stables on practically every corner offer many different types of excursions suited to all kinds of levels, from beginner to advanced rider.
6: Garibaldis House
The famous revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi, spent the last years of his life here on the pretty island of Caprera, just to the north of Palau which lies on the north coast of Sardinia. Exiled from Italy in the mid-19th century, Garibaldi is the one who planned to take Naples and Sicily with 1,000 Red Shirts. Regular ferries leave Palau for Caprera, where visitors can take a tour of Garibaldi's house and the museum, which includes his homestead and his tomb.
Those who are interested in taking in some real Sardinian culture and outdoor activities should head for Nuoro, situated roughly in the centre of the island. Many traditions are still intact here and the locals still speak the original Sardo language as well as English. The town features an old quarter where highlights include the Ethnographic Museum, with its fantastic handicraft collections. Other destinations worth seeking out in this region of Sardinia include many ancient villages and the 3,300-foot summit of Monte Ortobene, which affords magnificent views.
People have been climbing in Sardinia for years and there are some amazing climbs to be had here owing to the limestone rocks and the spectacular views. Free-climbing (no ropes) is also practised on the island and there are several quality schools offering training and excursions.
9: Grotta di Nettuno (Alghero)
A vertiginous 654-step staircase descends 110m of sheer cliff to the Grotta di Nettuno, an underground fairyland of stalactites and stalagmites. If you don't fancy the staircase, there are ferries from Alghero Traghetti Navisarda, departing hourly between 9am and 5pm from June to September, and four times daily in the rest of the year.
10: Chiesa di Santa Maria di Betlem (Sassari)
Just beyond what were the city walls stands the proud Romanesque facade of the eclectic Chiesa di Santa Maria di Betlem. The exterior betrays Gothic and even vaguely Oriental admixtures. Inside, the Catalan Gothic vaulting has been preserved, but much baroque silliness has crept in to obscure the original lines of the building. Lining each aisle in the chapels stand some of the giant 'candles' that the city guilds parade about town for the 14 August festivities.
11: Trenino Verde (Little Green Train)
A fun way to explore Sardinia is aboard the Trenino Verde, a vintage steam locomotive that puffs its way through forests, over bridges and through tunnels into some of the island's most scenic mountain areas.
The Island of Tavolara belongs to a protected marine area in the Northeast of Sardinia which is rich in Mediterranean colours with a numerous series of inlets, sandy beaches, stunning bays and promontories. The Tavolara is a true limestone edifice that is 600 meters high, 4 km long and 1 km wide. Its plateau really looks like a big table. The high cliffs drop straight into a uniquely coloured sea creating a perfect marine sanctuary where sea species which are strictly protected.
Located on the northwest coast of Sardinia, Alghero is one of the most charming towns on the island. There are hints of Catalonia which is also evident in the cuisine. Alghero was a fortress town and parts of its old city walls remain including the Porta Terra. The main highlights of the town, other than the city's ancient defences, are the impressive domed cathedral, two dazzling palaces and a string of restaurants, shops and bars along via Roma, via Carlo Alnerto and Principe Umberto.
14: Piazza Civica
Piazza Civica is just inside the Port a Mare (Sea Gate) and was once the administrative heart of Alghero. This busy, uneven square is still faced by reminders of Alghero's late-medieval splendour. It was from the window of the Gothic mansion Palazzo d'Albis that Charles V leaned out during his 1541 stay to declare in generous mood, 'You are all knights.'
The small town of Castelsardo in the North of Sardinia is set on a rock overlooking the sea and an extraordinary example of Medieval town that developed around the castle, with the old town walls still intact. The historical town centre is no doubt the most interesting part. In the surrounding area the Elephant Rock, a prehistoric tomb that was shaped like an elephant by the atmospheric agents, is worth a visit as well as the old monastery and a few nuraghes nearby.
16: Capo Testa
Capo Testa is the most Northern point of Sardinia. The rocky coast has been shaped by the winds of time, transforming the immense granite stone into sculptures that will peak your imagination. An old lighthouse, overlooking Cala di Luna, casts its guiding light to the white cliffs that mark the entrance to the port of Bonifacio, Corsica.
17: Emerald Coast
This strictly defined 10 kilometre strip of coastline in the Northeast is still the most famous address in Sardinia for elegance and luxury, and is the "The Hotspot" for the international jetset. The architecture of Porto Cervo as its "capital" embodies the dream of an idyllic Mediterranean village without any irritations of real life. Porto Cervo exults in its exclusivity, with a glittering yachting marina as its centerpiece.
18: Castello Salvaterra (Iglesias)
Just off Piazza Sella amid pleasant hillside gardens stands a stout square tower: the remains of Castello Salvaterra, Ugolino's mighty Pisan fortress. From up here you can appreciate fine views of the old town. To get an idea of what the city looked like before the walls came down, proceed to Via Campidano, where a stretch of the 14th-century northwestern perimeter built by the Catalano-Aragonese remains defiantly in place, complete with towers.
19: Chiesa di San Francesco
A short walk off the Piazza del Municipio brings you to the dainty rose-red trachyte Chiesa di San Francesco. Although possibly older than the cathedral in origin, it now only sports its Catalan Gothic wardrobe, some of it dating to the 15th century. Inside, the single nave is flanked by chapels between the buttresses.
20: Monte Ortobene (Nuoro)
About 7km northeast of Nuoro is the granite peak of Monte Ortobene, capped by its massive statue of the Redentore (Christ the Redeemer). It's a place of veneration, but it's also a favourite picnic spot for locals. On 29 August (starting bright and early at 06:00) the brightly clothed faithful make a pilgrimage here from the cathedral. Afterwards Mass is celebrated in the nearby Chiesa di Nostra Signora del Monte, and there's another late-morning Mass at the feet of the statue. The statue was raised in 1901 in response to a call by Pope Leo XIII to raise 19 statues of Christ around Italy to represent the 19 centuries of Christianity. Grazia Deledda was behind the push by Nuoro to be one of the sites. Since then the statue, which shows Christ trampling the devil underfoot, has been the object of pilgrims who attribute to it all manner of cures and interventions.