The hills and mountains of Lesotho were made for walking, and the hundreds of kilometres of mountain trails offer a wonderful opportunity of discovering the best of Lesotho.
2: Morija Museum & Archives
The Morija Museum & Archives is a wealth of artifacts, documents and traditional materials that reflect the history and culture of Lesotho. It is situated in the picturesque village of Morija.
3: Pony Trekking
Is an enjoyable activity at Katse, Malealea, Semonkong & Basotho Pony Trekking Centre. It does not matter if you have never sat on horseback before. You will get used to it & enjoy the Lesotho countryside astride a pony.
4: Maletsunyane Waterfalls
View the highest single-drop fall in southern Africa. The Maletsunyane Waterfalls are three times higher than the Niagara frontier.
The birdlife attracts lovers of wildlife to the Kingdom. Although there are less than 300 different species, many are montane rarities,Orange breasted Rockjumper,Sentinel Rock thrush & Drakensberg Siskin while others are simply spectacular.
6: Sehlabathebe National Park
Sehlabathebe National Park is the national designated nature reserve in Lesotho and comprises 6 500 hectares at an average elevation of 2 400 m. The park is ideal for hiking, bird-watching and contains unusual rock formations and alpine flora. Game is limited to a few antelope species but the scenery is stunning.
7: Katse Botanical Garden
Don't miss the pleasant and interesting Katse Botanical Garden originally established to protect the spiral aloes displaced from the dam's construction. It has rapidly flourished to include paved, hillside trails passing via a rock garden, indigenous flowers and a medicinal section. A plant-propagation project takes place in the greenhouse.
Set in truly stunning scenery, the village of Malealea, with its mountains, valleys and ancient San paintings hidden in rock shelters, is one of the gems of Lesotho. The best way to experience the spectacular landscape is to take a pony trek or wander on foot through the hills and villages. Malealea is appropriately advertised as 'Lesotho in a nutshell'.
9: Tsehlanyane National Park
This Lesotho Northern Parks administered national park protects a beautiful, high altitude, 5600 hectare patch of rugged wilderness, including one of Lesotho's only stands of indigenous forest. This underrated and underused place is about as far away from it all as you can get and is perfect for hiking.
In addition to day walks, there's a challenging 39km hiking trail from Ts'ehlanyane southwest to Bokong Nature Reserve through some of Lesotho's most dramatic terrain. Guides can be arranged. Pony trekking can be arranged through Lesotho Northern Parks with advance notice or through Maliba Mountain Lodge.
10: Thaba Bosiu Mountain
Thaba Bosiu is the evocative mountain stronghold of Moshoeshoe the Great, who first occupied the place in 1824. Good views from here include those of the Qiloane pinnacle (inspiration for the Basotho hat), along with the remains of fortifications, Moshoeshoe's grave, and parts of the original settlement. Thaba Bosiu means Mountain at Night, perhaps a memory of when the sight was first occupied. Another legend suggests that Thaba Bosiu is a hill in daylight, but transformed into a mountain after dark. There's an information centre at the base of Thaba Bosiu; an official guide will take you to the summit.
11: Dinosaur trails
The existence of life in Lesotho dates back 200 million years. The evidence lies in the fossilised dinosaur footprints that have been uncovered throughout Lesotho. Several dinosaur footprint track ways are preserved in their original position and are open to the public.
Lesotho offers so much for the angler and there are opportunities to catch trout, barbel and yellowfish.
Migrating yellowfish leap up waterfalls up to 2 metres to reach their spawning grounds. Barbel can be found in the lowland rivers.
The 204m drop abseil along the Maletsunyane Falls is the longest commercial abseil in the world. Thrill seekers can drop into the haze of smoke created by the waterfall.
14: Mountain biking
Many of the trails are suitable for exploring on bikes and are becoming increasingly popular among enthusiasts. We do ask that you keep to recognised trails to conserve the natural flora and fauna. You need to bring your own bikes.
15: Liphofung Nature Reserve
Liphofung Nature Reserve, "place of the eland" cave occupies an important place in Lesotho history. This is the smallest of the Lesotho Highlands Development Authority reserves at about 4 hectares. The cave is in fact a large overhang in the Clarens sandstones, which is a typical feature of the Lesotho lowlands region.
16: Lesotho Highlands
Snow skiing is possible on the slopes below the Mahlasela Pass; New Oxbow Lodge nearby and Afri Ski rents skis and boots. There are three slopes and two ski lifts, while several alternative activities are on hand in the summer months. The resort of Afri-Ski is 4 frac12; hours' drive from Johannesburg South Africa via the steep tarred Moteng pass and the Mahlasela pass and is one of only two skiing resorts in Africa.
17: Unique wildlife
Appreciate Lesotho's unique species of birds - as many as 279 have been recorded. Birds that are rare to southern Africa can be watched on a trip along the Mountain Road, a spectacular route through the centre of the country.