The Red Sea justly deserves its worldwide reputation for underwater adventure. Teeming with a colourful marine life, the crystal waters are landscaped with coral and dramatic drop offs.
2: The Great Pyramids
The Pyramids are among the world's largest structures and one of the Great Wonders of the World. Thousands of visitors travel yearly to bask in the majesty of these monuments, which were built mostly as tombs.
Luxor is famous for its historical attractions that revolve around ancient Egypt. The Valley of Kings, in which the bodies of kings and powerful nobles were placed in tombs, is located near Luxor and is a renowned archeological site.
4: Siwa Oasis
Located near Cairo, is known for its dates and olives. It has also been acknowledged as one of the most beautiful spots in Egypt. The area is also famous for its numerous hot springs, which are said to have healing properties.
5: Nile Cruise
Known as the longest river in the world, the River Nile has been a lifeline for Egyptian Society since ancient times. Take the opportunity to be entranced by the Nile's beauty and opt to go for one of the many Nile cruises.
6: Sharm el Sheik
One of the best destinations in the World for diving and one of the largest tourist centers in the Arab world.
One of the most famous cities of the Old World and one of the most pleasant of the New World. Steep in plenty of history certainly not a place to be ignored.
8: Abu Simbel
One of the places to visit when in Egypt. Has two of most magnificent temples country, that of Ramses and Nefertari.
Attracts visitors from around the world. A historic city with plenty to offer. A visit to the Pyramids and the Sphinx is a must.
10: Valley of the Kings
The Valley of the Kings is a limestone valley situated in the Theban Hills where the mummified bodies of many Egyptian pharaohs were interred. The area marks a period in ancient Egyptian history in which the pharaohs abandoned the pyramid style and chose instead tombs dug within limestone in order to preserve the mummies for eternity and prevent grave robbing. The tombs, although stripped of many of their contents centuries ago, still display fantastic wall paintings depicting the lives of the pharaohs in ancient Egypt, down to the minutest detail.
11: Temple of Hatshepsut
The eyes first focus on the dramatic rugged limestone cliffs that rise nearly 300m above the desert plain, a monument made by nature, only to realize that at the foot of all this immense beauty lies a man-made monument even more extraordinary, the dazzling Temple of Hatshepsut. The almost modern-looking temple blends in beautifully with the cliffs from which it is partly cut, a marriage made in heaven.
12: Suez Canal
The best way to see this great feat of modern engineering is by boat; the view from the Peace Bridge that crosses the canal near Ismailiya, is a good second best. The sight of giant tankers plying the narrow channel between the Red Sea with the Mediterranean is simply surreal.
13: Elephantine Island Aswan
Elephantine Island is the site of ancient Abu (meaning both elephant and ivory in ancient Egyptian), both names a reminder of the islands once important ivory trade. At the beginning of the 1st dynasty (about 3000 BC) a fortress was built on the island to establish Egypt's southern frontier. Abu soon became an important customs point and trading centre.
Few visitors know before arriving in Egypt that the country's Old Kingdom precedes the building of the pyramids by many centuries. Saqqara was the ancient capital's necropolis, crowned by the Step Pyramid. Nearby Dahshur has is famous for the Bent Pyramid and a huge field of royal tombs.
15: Monastery of St Paul
St Paul's monastery dates to the 4th century, when it began as a grouping of hermitages in the cliffs of Gebel al-Galala al-Qibliya around the site where St Paul had his hermitage. St Paul's monastery is quieter and much more low key than St Anthony's, and is often bypassed in favour of its larger neighbour. However, a visit is well worthwhile, and gives a glimpse into the life of silence, prayer and asceticism that has flowered here in the Eastern Desert for almost two millennia.
16: Dahshur (Cairo)
Far less well-known compared to Giza and Saqqara, especially since it was restricted military zone until 1996, this necropolis, which was once part of ancient Memphis, nevertheless offers the of the most unusual pyramids in Egypt - the Red Pyramid, the Bent Pyramid and the Black Pyramid. It makes an interesting sidetrip from Giza, and is far quieter, with far shorter queues and almost no hassling.
17: Sayeda Zeinab Mosque
This mosque is one of the few such Islamic religious structures in the world dedicated to a woman, Al Sayeda Zeinab, daughter of the Prophet (s.w.a.), and patron saint of Cairo. The mosque is home to her mausoleum. The mosque itself is a splendid building, especially its ornate facade, but it is best known as the focal point for annual celebrations held in October to honour the saint.
18: Catacombs of Kom El-Shakafa
Considered one of the seven wonders of the Middle Ages by Theodor Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, the catacombs of Kom El-Shakafa are a necropolis that was used for burial until the fourth century A.D. The site was rediscovered in the early 20th century and was found to hold an abundance of artifacts and an elaborate multil-level maze that bears intricately carved walls with a mix of Greek and Egyptian cosmological symbols. The catacombs are just outside the city proper and can visited by tour or public bus.
19: White Monastery
Currently the best reason to stop at Sohag is to visit two early Coptic monasteries, which trumpet the victory of Christianity over Egypt's pagan gods. The White Monastery, on rocky ground above the old Nile flood level, 12km northwest of Sohag, was founded by St Shenouda around AD 400 and dedicated to his mentor, St Bigol. White limestone from Pharaonic temples was reused, and ancient gods and hieroglyphs still look out from some of the blocks. It once supported a huge community of monks and boasted the largest library in Egypt, but today the manuscripts are scattered around the world and the monastery is home to 23 monks. The fortress walls still stand though they failed to protect the interior, most of which is in ruins. Nevertheless, it is easy to make out the plan of the church inside the enclosure walls.
20: El-Hussein Square
This is one of the most popularly visited squares in cairo, principally because the Al-Azhar Mosque and the Khan El Khalili Souk are located nearby. The former is the city's most important mosque, and the focal point of the world famous Azhar University, while the souk is one of the most famous in the city, very popular with tourists for having a huge variety of goods sold in dim, ancient shops packed together in a small district. Bargaining is expected, and a major part of the experience!